Juvenile substance abuse updating the field judicial college
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In addition, new language in the reauthorization directed states to use formula funds to identify gaps and biases in their systems in regard to gender-specific services.The increasing involvement of young women in the juvenile justice system was a significant concern at this time.
With the passing of the 1961 Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Offenses Control Act, the Office of Juvenile Delinquency was established within the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.10 The Federal Role We now turn our attention to the role that the federal government can play in promoting more developmentally appropriate juvenile justice policies and practices.We focus specifically on the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), the congressionally mandated lead agency for juvenile justice.Given the current state of the field, with its receptivity to change but need for assistance, two questions arise: Is OJJDP the appropriate federal agency to guide and assist state, local, and tribal jurisdictions toward the goal of a developmentally appropriate juvenile justice system?If so, how can its leadership role be strengthened?These formula funds were awarded to states to encourage the separation of juveniles from adult inmates, the diversion of juveniles from the juvenile justice system to community-based alternatives to confinement, and the development of new and effective approaches to the treatment of juvenile offenders.
In the 1980s and 1990s, when state policies and programs were “getting tough” on juveniles (see Chapter 2), OJJDP continued to support ____________________________________ In 1912, the Children’s Bureau was created to investigate and report on juvenile courts.This chapter reviews the history of OJJDP, its relevant portfolio, its current status, and presents the committee’s views about the agency’s future role in promoting and facilitating juvenile justice reform.THE HISTORY OF OJJDP OJJDP is the only federal agency specifically directed to develop and disseminate knowledge to the juvenile justice field and to assist states in improving their systems.It also acknowledged the deficiencies of juvenile courts and the services available to them, particularly the “critically needed alternatives to institutionalization” (P. OJJDP was given a broad mandate to provide technical assistance and training, conduct a centralized research and evaluation effort, develop national standards, and coordinate federal activities related to the treatment of juvenile offenders and those at risk of entering the juvenile justice system.It was also given authority to provide formula grants to participating states and territories to help them meet the goals of JJDPA and develop their juvenile justice programs.The office began to focus on issues that affect the system as a whole, such as drugs and serious juvenile offending, and to develop programs that would help coordinate system-wide responses.