Radiological dating of fractures
Radiological dating of fractures - pay by phone dating sites
The child is held around the chest and violently shaken back and forth.This causes the extremities and the head to flail back and forth in a whiplash movement.
Skull fractures are common child abuse injuries, but they are also common in accidental trauma.
This overview focusses on the role of diagnostic imaging in depicting the findings that are specific for child abuse.
Awareness of the radiologist is essential in finding these skeletal and CNS injuries in order to document child abuse, to stop further abuse and to protect siblings.
Occipital impression and other skull fractures occur when the head strikes a solid object.
The corner fracture was first described by Caffey who noted these peculiar fractures in children with subdural hematomas.
Studies show that at least 10% of children under 5 years old who are brought to the emergency room with alleged accidents have actually suffered nonaccidental trauma.
Since as many as 65% of all abuse cases are initially seen in the emergency room, the first step in correctly identifying abuse is to train hospital staff members to recognize abuse indicators.
Arms and legs move about in a whiplash movement resulting in the typical 'corner' or 'bucket-handle'-fractures in the metaphyseal region.
The ability to identify child abuse constitutes an important concern to those involved in the medical care of children.
It is for this reason that skeletal surveys in cases of suspected infant abuse must be performed with utmost attention to the quality of the radiographs.
Bucket handle fractures These fractures are essentially the same as corner fractures.
by Simon Robben Battered child syndrome, shaken infant syndrome, stress-related infant abuse and non accidental trauma are all terms to describe the complex of non-accidental injuries in infants and young children as a result of abuse.